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Book Summary Video Interviews with Dr. Neal Barnard, M.D. on his book “Program for Reversing Diabetes” for HealthBootcamps.
Neal Barnard, MD, FACC, is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC, and President of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.
Dr. Barnard has led numerous research studies investigating the effects of diet on diabetes, body weight, and chronic pain, including a groundbreaking study of dietary interventions in type 2 diabetes, funded by the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Barnard has authored more than 80 scientific publications and 20 books for medical and lay readers.
As president of the Physicians Committee, Dr. Barnard leads programs advocating for preventive medicine, good nutrition, and higher ethical standards in research. He has hosted four PBS television programs on nutrition and health, and is the editor in chief of the Nutrition Guide for Clinicians, a textbook made available to all U.S. medical students. His research contributed to the acceptance of plant-based diets in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. In 2015, he was named a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. In 2016, he founded the Barnard Medical Center in Washington, DC, as a model for making nutrition a routine part of all medical care.
Originally from Fargo, North Dakota, Dr. Barnard received his M.D. degree at the George Washington University School of Medicine and completed his residency at the same institution. He practiced at St. Vincent’s Hospital in New York before returning to Washington to found the Physicians Committee.
This is auto-generated and may have mistakes. Please listen to the interview for accuracy.
[00:01] REENA JADHAV: Hi everyone its Reena Jadhav here with Dr Neal Barnard and we are talking about weight control and diabetes. Doctor Neal to get started how much of a factor is weight or obesity in diabetes?
[00:10] DR NEAL BARNARD: Weight is a big issue for a type 2 diabetes. The vast majority of people will die with type 2 are overweight. They have got weight they want to lose and losing the weight will not only help their diabetes control but it also takes the pressure off their heart. It helps their heart pressure to come down, it reduces their risk of cancer or stroke so to lose that extra weight is a good idea.
[00:30] REENA JADHAV: So how do we get into weight control in this program?
[00:34] DR NEAL BARNARD: We did a research study a number of years ago where we brought in 64 women they were all overweight moderately to severely and they had all done every diet known to humanity. And what we said to them is two things-keep the animal products off your plate and keep the vegetable oils low and what we discovered was two things happened. As they went along their appetite was satisfied sooner as we talked about during the earlier segment that is because you are suddenly eating high fiber foods, you are eating fruits and vegetables and whole grains and when you eat a lot of fiber your stomach has the fiber in it. The fiber holds water and you think you ate a lot of food but in truth, you ate a lot less than before so this kind of diet is going to be helping your appetite to turn off a couple of hundred calories sooner than it would otherwise. But there is one other thing when you walk into a laboratory, we measure their metabolic rate what I mean is how fast is your body burning calories-we can measure that and what we find is that in the after meal period when you are digesting food and your out to burning calories a little faster during digestion, for some people their ramp up in calories is not very strong. After they go on the diet that I just describe, their calorie burn speed increases in our studies it’s about 16% not huge but it is enough and gives that extra edge. So the reason people lose weight is that their appetite is turned off sooner and their metabolism is stronger. Now one other thing I would need to emphasize you can make all these fail by eating foods that are really calorie dense. Which foods are those? If you avoid the animal products that are good but what if you let a lot of oils or oily foods like nuts and guacamole run through your gut. Those foods are so calorie dense that they are going to slow down your weight loss. So if you have got weight that you want to lose don’t just avoid the animal products, keep the oils and the oily foods I am talking peanut butter, keep those things to a minimum. So keeping those things to a minimum is going to help you to lose weight and don’t go low carb, don’t cut calories just let the foods do the work for you and be gradual don’t try to lose weight really fast. Let yourself lose weight bit by bit. If you lose a pound, a week that’s fine that’s 52 pounds a year or half a pound a week fine that’s 26 pounds a year let it come off at its own rate and you are going to be fine. If you want to add exercise so much the better but if you can’t exercise because you have got bad joints or weaker heart whatever, you can still lose weight with this program.
[03:31] REENA JADHAV: It’s very exciting. All right next we are going to talk about how to test and track progress. See you on the next one.
Dr. Neal Barnard
Address: 5100 Wisconsin Ave., N.W., Ste.400, Washington DC, 20016
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